General commands

show mac-address table

show ethernet-switching table brief

show switches that directly conected

show lldp neighbors

config vlan

set vlans  Floor_Users vlan-id 90
set vlans Floor_Users l3-interface vlan.90
set interfaces vlan unit 90 family inet address 10.10.10.254/24

assign vlan to port

set interfaces  unit 0 family ethernet-switching vlan members

upgrade (mybe needed – set system services ftp, when upgrading 8200 need to upgrage both Route Engines)

request system software add ftp://a:123456@10.10.10.81/jinstall-ex-3200-9.6R1.13-domestic-signed.tgz

enable SSH

set system services ssh

show ip addresses

show interfaces terse

show all ports info

show interfaces extensive

load factory-default

load factory-default

show rollback 10

file show /var/db/config/juniper.conf.10.gz

show int statistics at real time

run monitor interface ge-0/0/0

like tcpdump

run monitor traffic interface ge-0/0/0

to add config from notepad

load update terminal

static route

 set routing-options static route 192.168.16/24 next-hop 1.1.1.1

start terminal monitor

monitor start /var/log/messages

stop terminal monitor

monitor stop

check what is going to be commited

show | compare

time

show system uptime

show modules / hardware

show chassis hardware

Show ospf interfaces

show ospf interface

ospf – redis static

set protocols ospf export redistribute-into-OSPF
set policy-options policy-statement redistribute-into-OSPF term static from protocol static
set policy-options policy-statement redistribute-into-OSPF term static then accept?

LACP -switches

set chassis aggregated-devices ethernet device-count 5
set interfaces ae0 aggregated-ether-options lacp active
set interfaces ge-0/0/0 ether-options 802.3ad ae0
set interfaces ge-0/0/1 ether-options 802.3ad ae0
set interfaces ae0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.0.254/24

LACP – J routers

set chassis aggregated-devices ethernet device-count 5
set interfaces ae0 aggregated-ether-options lacp active
set interfaces ge-0/0/0 gigether-options 802.3ad ae0
set interfaces ge-0/0/1 gigether-options 802.3ad ae0
set interfaces ae0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.0.254/24

password recovery

* reload the switch
* stop the boot by presing the "space bar"
* choose 'recovery'
boot -s

NTP

set system ntp server 1.1.1.1
exit
set date ntp

create rescue config

request system configuration rescue save

set managment ip at stack

set interfaces vme unit 0 family inet address 10.10.10.235/24

connect to a specific switch from a stack

request session member

install image from USB

1. Put the new code(desired version of JUNOS) on a USB which is formatted under FAT32 and insert on the back of the switch where you can find the USB slot.
2. Reboot the device and when it says loading press spacebar to take us to loader prompt (loader>).
3. Type the following command to reinstall junos from this prompt
    loader>install --format file:///filename.tgz
    * where filename is like eg: jinstall-ex-9.2R1.5-domestic-signed.tgz

copy log files from specific unit

request session member 5
start shell user root
! -Password-
tar -zcvf varlog-mem5.tar.gz /var/log/
mv varlog-mem5.tar.gz /var/tmp/
exit
file copy fpc5:/var/tmp/varlog-mem5.tar.gz fpc0:/var/tmp 
! Then open with web - Maintain --> Files --> temp

show alarms

(use to check why the alarm led is red)-

show system alarms

vrrp

set interfaces vlan unit   family inet address x.x.x.x /24 vrrp-group  virtual-address x.x.x.x  priority < priority>

vrrp – backup master (Specify that the backup router can process packets with an IP destination address of the virtual address)

ip vrrp 22 accept-data

ECMP

(equal cost multi path)

set policy-options policy-statement load-balancing-policy then load-balance per-packet
set routing-options forwarding-table export load-balancing-policy

allow NSM to connect to the switch

set system services netconf ssh

dhcp snooping

set ethernet-switching-options secure-access-port vlan all examine-dhcp

bpdu guard

set protocols rstp bpdu-block-on-edge  
set protocols rstp interface all edge

port mirroring

set ethernet-switching analyzer analyzer1 input ingress interface ge-0/0/0
set ethernet-switching analyzer analyzer1 input egress interface ge-0/0/0
set ethernet-switching analyzer analyzer1  output interface ge-0/0/2

LLDP – MED

(the switch tells the ip phone what is the voice vlan)

set vlans  description voice-vlan
set vlans  interface ge-0/0/2.0
set interfaces  unit 0 family ethernet-switching vlan members 
set interfaces   unit 0 family ethernet-switching port-mode access
set ethernet-switching-options voip interface  .0 vlan 
set ethernet-switching-options voip interface  .0 forwarding-class assured-forwarding
set protocols lldp-med interface 

tacacs

(use “load merge terminal” to load this format of config)

system {
    time-zone Asia/Jerusalem;
    authentication-order tacplus;
    root-authentication{
        encrypted-password "$1$gzwtefgipDYmub7XcCTEU4/"; ## SECRET-DATA
    }
    tacplus-server {
          secret "$9$y45645XxjqfT9CRhSyMX-dsYgJ"; 
         secret "$9$vD4574745dV.5Fnu0ylKvxdsYoaZj"; 
    }

    accounting {
        events [ login change-log interactive-commands ];
        destination {
            tacplus;
        }
    }
}

Voip QOS marking

class-of-service{
	classifiers {
	    dscp juniper_dscp_classifier {
	        import default;
	        forwarding-class voice {
	            loss-priority low code-points 101110;
	        }
	    }
	    ieee-802.1 juniper_ieee_classifier {
	        import default;
	        forwarding-class voice {
	            loss-priority low code-points 011;
	        }
	    }
	}
	forwarding-classes {
	    class voice queue-num 7;
	    class expedited-forwarding queue-num 5;
	    class assured-forwarding queue-num 1;
	    class best-effort queue-num 0;
	}
	interfaces {
	    vlan {
	        unit 12 {
	            classifiers {
	                dscp juniper_dscp_classifier;
	            }
	        }
	    }
	}
}

access-lists of ip addresses that allowd to access the switch (use “load merge terminal” to load that format of config)

interfaces{
    lo0 {
        unit 0 {
            family inet {
                filter {
                    input Telnet-access-filter;
	}
           }
        }
    }
}
firewall {
  family inet {
    filter Telnet-access-filter {
        term team_X {
            from {
                source-address {
                    x.x.x.x/32;
                    x.x.x.x/32;
                  }
                protocol tcp;
            }
            then accept;
        }
        term team_Y {
            from {
                source-address {
                    y.y.y.y/32;
                    y.y.y.y/32;
                }
                protocol tcp;
            }
            then accept;
        }
        term Access_from_forbidden_addresses {
            from {
                source-address {
                    127.0.0.0/8;
                }
                protocol tcp;
            }
            then discard;
        }
        term OSPF {
            from {
                protocol ospf;
            }
            then accept;
        }
        term icmp {
            from {
                protocol icmp;
            }
            then accept;
        }
        term accept_DHCP {
            from {
                protocol udp;
            }
            then accept;
        }
    }
  }
}

4200 EX Switches

set that if disconnecting cascade cables from stack of 2 switches that the switches will not became layer 2

set virtual-chassis no-split-detection

show units at stack

show virtual-chassis                                   
0 (FPC 0)  Prsnt    BQ0209341890 ex4200-48p      128  Master*    1  vcp-0      
1 (FPC 1)  Prsnt    BN0209364440 ex4200-24p      128  Linecard   3  vcp-0      
2 (FPC 2)  Prsnt    BQ0209341900 ex4200-48p      128  Backup     0  vcp-0      
3 (FPC 3)  Prsnt    BQ0209341917 ex4200-48p      128  Linecard   2  vcp-0      

Member ID for next new member: 4 (FPC 4)

change units number

(the serial is also at the back of the switch, no restart needed, the new master became master after few minutes)

set virtual-chassis preprovisioned
set virtual-chassis member 0 serial-number BN0209364440 role routing-engine
set virtual-chassis member 1 serial-number BQ0209341917 role routing-engine
set virtual-chassis member 2 serial-number BQ0209341900
set virtual-chassis member 3 serial-number BQ0209341890

8200 EX Switches

set managment ip when having 2 routing engines

delete int me0
edit groups 
set re0 system host-name Name1 
set re0 interfaces me0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.10.12/24 
set re1 system host-name Name2
set re1 interfaces me0 unit 0 family inet address 10.10.10.22/24 
top 
set apply-groups [re0 re1]

turn off a module

(disable)

set chassis fpc  power off

set the switchover without only 10 packet loss

set chassis redundancy graceful-switchover

connect to backup routing engine

request routing-engine login backup

show modules

show chassis hardware

change active CPU

request chassis routing-engine master switch

cancel switchover at fuiler/reload command

deactivate chassis redundancy graceful-switchover

Auto save config aldo to backup

(“commit” saves only to the present Routing Engine)

commit synchronize

Run commands at a linecard

root@st-grande06-scb0:RE:0% lcdd 2 chassism
chassism#show mac ge-2/0/1 
chassism#show phy ge-2/0/1